It is the youngest college of the university situated in the lap of Himalayas at Bharsar (Pauri Garhwal).
The recently established Uttaranchal state is located in the Central Himalayas of India. Since the ancient times it is famous for its vast reserve of biodiversity and life bestowing medicinal plants. The geographical and climatic conditions of the region are considered to be ideal for the Horticulture. Considering the above, for the development of horticulture as an entrepreneurship in Uttaranchal the State has been declared as “Horticulture State” so that the God gifted Natural Resource are utilized for the integrated development of the state. To consummate the goal this College came into existence on June 12, 2001 as Veer Chandra Singh Garhwali College of Horticulture, at Bharsar, District Pauri Garhwal. The meaning of Bharsar in local dialog is ‘flourished with natural wealth’. It is spread over in an area of around 175 hectares consisting of forest and horticulture area on 104 and 71 hectares, respectively at an altitude ranging between 1800-2300 m above msl. The College has been named in the memory of freedom fighter Late Veer Chandra Singh Garhwali of this area who was associated with Peshawar events in 1931.
Since 1924 to 1951 this orchard was a personal property of an Englishman named Mr. McMillan, locally famous as ‘Jogi Sahab’. In 1951, he sold the area to the Horticulture Department, Uttar Pradesh. Since then till the date of establishment of this College it remained under the control of Horticulture Department, Uttar Pradesh. Although, the Ex-chief Minister inaugurated the college, Government of Uttaranchal on June 12, 2001, it was procedurally handed over to the University on the occasion of second Uttaranchal Day i.e. November 9, 2002. The various College activities started from July 2003 after joining of academic and non-academic staff.
The College in the nature’s lap is equipped with basic as well as modern amenities must for education, research and extension. The library is dressed with the text and reference books particularly in horticulture backed up by the reprographic equipment, internet access through V-SAT
The infrastructure work at the campus is progressing speedily. Out of the various structures to be completed under phase I, College Building (I), Scientists Home, Girls and Boys Hostels, Canteen and Residences are nearly completed. In addition to this the gravity based modern irrigation facility is being developed and double filtered drinking water facilities have been commissioned. To keep the environment and ecosystem clean and sustainable an unique “Sewage Treatment Plant” is being engineered at the campus
Reachability to Bharsar from various places
Vision, Mission and Goals
The vision and mission of the VCSGCH is :
Academic, Research and Extension
The horticulture sector in Uttaranchal holds the promise for being the most dependable and sustainable sector for increasing the income, employment and growth of economy. For developing the entrepreneurship and/or to meet specific managerial requirements of horticulture based industries the following programmes are in vogue.
To make a dent in the field of temperate, sub-temperate horticulture and for the development of horticulture in Uttaranchal as a whole, the research programmes are well focused. For further strengthening of research programmes, the College has also acquired various foreign funded projects. The major thrust areas of research are:
Extension is a backbone for the overall development of institute as well as the region. The College is always on its tip of toes to cater the need of the farmers/growers of the region for improved technologies in horticulture. To disseminate the technologies in the field of agriculture as well as horticulture and creating awareness among the farmers, governmental and non-governmental agencies a Krishi Vigyan Kendra of District Pauri funded by ICAR, New Delhi has been established at Bharsar. For the benefit of the farmers, from time to time the College/KVK also organizes the trainings, FLD’s, on Farm trials, Kisan Mela, and exhibitions. Among these, it is noteworthy to mention that through one of the ‘Kisan Mela’ organized during May 2004, more than 1000 farmers of the area were benefited.
Kisan Mela at Bharsar Campus
Dimensions of campus development
In the College orchard there is a rare wealth of English cultivars of apple, pears, hazelnut and chestnut. The germplasm of apple has become very old and senile which needs to be conserved before their removal.
Objective and Mandate
v Human Resource Development in the arena of Horticulture (ACADEMIC)
v Development of technologies for the improvement of horticulture production, post harvest management and processing etc. in the region and state (RESEARCH)
v Dissemination of technologies for the benefit of the region and state (Extension)
v Capacity building for entrepreneurship/self employment (Employment)
(i) Academic Programme: The horticulture sector in Uttarakhand holds the promise for being the most dependable and sustainable sector for increasing the income, employment and growth of economy. For developing the entrepreneurship and/or to meet the specific managerial requirements of horticulture based industries, the following programmes are in vogue:
Student Achievements: As co-curricular activities, the students participated in various cultural and sports/games activities on different occasions. The students organized an Annual function which was witnessed by Hon’ble Vice Chancellor. On this occasion he declared the commencement of Horticultural Society of College of Horticulture, Bharsar. The senior students also welcomed the juniors by organizing freshers’ party.
(ii) Research Programme: To make a dent in the field of temperate, sub-temperate horticulture and for the development of horticulture in Uttaranchal as a whole, the research programmes are well focused. The following foreign funded projects are in vogue at the college:
(iii) Extension activities: For the dissemination of new/improved technologies, the Krishi Vigyan Kendra of Pauri district was established in March, 2004 with its head quarter at Bharsar but the actual work started from January, 2005 after the joining of the staff.
College block: 3
Laboratories: 7 (Pomology/Post harvest, Floriculture and MAP, Plant Protection, Tissue Culture, NRM, Agriculture Engineering and Computer) laboratories well equipped with modern state of the art facilities. Besides, an apiary and mushroom units have also established ,Horticulture business management lab.
Library: A library for students & staff members with text books ,reference books and 500 titles has been developed.
Scientist Home: Consisting of Conference Hall, 12 suits, 02 VIP suits, 02 semi VIP suits, dormitory, kitchen & dining Hall along with lounge and reception.
Girls: 01 (Capacity 30 Nos.)
Boys: 01 (24 rooms for 72 students)
· A V-SAT has been installed & commissioned for getting connected with world through Internet & E-mail.
· A facility of EPBAX having 40 lines has been commissioned for internal communication in the campus.
· Land line facility of telephones has also established.
Type IV ; 02
Type III : 16
Type II : 16
Type I : 24
To meet the requirement of potable water of residential as well as college area, the graded sand filtered attached tanks of following capacities have been commissioned.
· 200 KL : 1 No.
· 50 KL : 3 Nos.
Vehicles & Farm Machinery
o Bolero (Dean’s vehicle) : 01 No.
o Marshal Jeep : 02 Nos.
o Bolero Camper : 01 No.
o Mahindra Mini bus (15 seater) : 01 No.
o Tractor : 02 No.
o Power Tiller : 05 Nos. .
(i) Fruit nursery:
The quality and authentic planting material plays a vital role in the establishment/development of horticulture. For the development of Uttaranchal as a state of horticulture, the attention is focussed on the generation of authentic and quality planting material of temperate/sub-temperate fruits. The fruit nursery in an area of 4.0 ha has been established where 15000 grafted plants of apple (Royal Delicious, Golden Delicious, Red Gold, Tydeman Early Worcestor etc.); 6000 grafted plants of apricot (vars. Charmagz & Shakarpara); 5000 grafted plants of plum (Santarosa & Meriposa); 3000 each grafted plants of walnut and pear were raised and made available to the farmers of Uttaranchal.
(ii) Fruit germplasm:
The College has received a senile and old orchard of apple which contains a rare wealth of English cultivars of apple, pears (as below), hazelnut and chestnut. This rare wealth of germplasm is being rejuvenated and conserved.
In addition to the above, germplasm of various temperate fruits is being enriched by obtaining the same from New Zealand/USA. The following germplasm has already been procurred and being maintained for the testing and production of quality planting material.
Max Red Bartlett
Baby Gold-2 Red Friment
Fair Heaven Fire bright
Rosa Canadian Hormony
Early Red heaven New Heaven
Glow Heaven Red Globe
Arkansas Red Heaven
Early Elberta Reliance
Fantossia Gold Monarch
Flower top Golden Jubilee
(iii) New orchard establishment: For research and demonstration purposes new orchards of apple using the model approach are being established at the campus. The apple plantation on total of 4 ha area has been done. A systematic layout using hexagonal system of plantation at a spacing of 6 x 6 m / 7 x 7 m has been done. The plantation carried out in various blocks consist cultivars namely Skyline Supreme Delicious, Vance Delicious (Colour Mutants); Red Chief, Oragon Spur II (Spur Type); Royal Delicious, Top Red, Bright ‘n’ Early, Real McCoy with 33% pollinizers (viz., Red Gold, Tydemann’s Early Worcestor and Golden Spur) have been planted.
In addition to above, a block of one hectare consisting of 2 clonal root stocks (MM 107 and MM 111) and seedling of apple have been developed.
A mother orchard consisting of 50 varieties of apple has been established in an area of 0.6 ha.
(iv) Vegetable production
· Package of practices for vegetables under protected cultivation are being developed.
· Out of the nine hybrids/cultivars (California Wonder, Solan Bharpur, Bharath, Aishwarya, US 181, Manhattan, Orobelle, China Zohinger and Bomby) tested, hybrid Manhattan performed better.
· Among all the above tested hybrids/cultivars, Orobelle, Bharath, China Zohinger and Aishwarya recorded to be free from the cercospora leaf spot.
· Breeder’s seed (2.25 kg) of capsicum cultivar California Wonder has been produced.
· Number of local strains of cucumber was evaluated and the best performing strain has been named as Bharsar Selection-1 and the seed (1.5 kg) of the same has been produced.
· Breeder’s seed production of cabbage (Cv. Golden acre) and carrot (Cv. Nantes) is being produced.
· For creating awareness and dissemination of promising varieties approximately 55,000 seedlings of tomato, capsicum, cabbage, cucumber, broccoli etc. were raised in poly houses and made available to the farmers.
(v) Medicinal and aromatic plants
· Under NMPB project on “Establishment of Herbal Garden for ex-situ conservation, multiplication and promotional activities for cultivation of medicinal and aromatic plants”, a herbal garden consisting of 50 medicinal and aromatic plants (Chirayata, Valeriana, Kuth, Digitalis, Akarkara, Lemon grass, Geranium, Kutki etc.) has been established in an area of 1.0 ha.
· Three types of variability for Valeriana jatamansi and 4 types of variability for Swertia chirayata has been recorded and are being maintained.
· Studies on important arthropodal fauna associated with Valeriana jatamansi were conducted.
· Among arthropterian insects, two types of grass hopers belonging to sub order Ensifera and Caelifera were recorded. Besides grass hopers, aphids (Myzus persicae) and other several parasitoids and predators were also observed associated with Valeriana jatamansi.
(vi) Organic cultivation
· The method for vermin-compost preparation has been developed and standardized to suit the local conditions. Total of 12 demonstrations of vermin-compost preparation have been put in 5 villages on the farmers field.
· Awareness is being created among surrounding farmers regarding scientific method of FYM preparation, maintenance and its application.
· Package of practices for vegetable crops under organic mode are being developed.
(vii) Plant Protection
· Data base on prevalence of insect-pest and diseases of important crops is being prepared to devise an expert system.
· Screened available germplasm of vegetables for the insect-pest and diseases.
· Reported the infestation of Archipes on apple for the first time from Uttarakhand
· Collection and characterization of mushrooms of the region
· Developed methods for compost making from locally available material
· Demonstrated the methods for enrichment of compost with bioagents for the management of soil borne diseases and pests.
(viii) Out rich/extension activities
The following extension activities were carried out during in the district since inception:
On Farm Trials (OFTs): 10
v Management of rhizome rot of ginger
v Management of buckeye rot in tomato
v Evaluation of chilli cultivars
v Varietal testing of soybean under mid hill conditions
v Rejuvenation of old apple orchards
v Varietal testing of wheat
Other Extension Activities
Kisan Mela : 15
Kisan gosthi : 19
Agriculture Exhibition: 16
Field Day : 02
Extension literature : 27
Research Paper : 13
Book : 01
Planting material produced
Vegetable seedlings (solanaceous & cole crops) : 79570
Apple seedlings : 10000
Apple plants (grafted) : 3960
Academic: As per its academic programme this College is supposed to take up post graduate programme in pomology, vegetable and floriculture from 2007-2008 and afterwards in Soil & Water Conservation, Plant protection and Horticulture Business Management from 2008-09 onwards.
In the academic programme this college has been assigned to take up diploma in commercial horticulture management after Intermediate programme, but it will be more appropriate to take up PG diploma in commercial horticulture management after graduation.
v Collection, characterization and evaluation of indigenous and exotic germplasm of horticultural crops viz., luxury and other fruits, vegetables, medicinal & aromatic plants, ornamentals plants
v Refinement of technologies for production, post harvest and marketing to suit the various agro-climatic regions of Uttaranchal.
v Mass multiplication of quality planting material through conventional and biotechnological approaches.
v On-farm demonstration of standardized technologies.
v Development of linkages for marketing of horticultural produce in European and Asian markets.
Faculty in place
Dr. P.S. Bisht, Dean/Campus Director
Department of Horticulture
Dr. P.S. Bisht, Professor and Head
Dr. B.D. Bhuj, Assoc. Professor (Floriculture and Landscaping)
Dr. M.L. Kushwaha, Assoc. Professor (Vegetable Science)
Dr. A.K. Tiwari, Asstt. Professor (Floriculture and Landscaping)
Dr. M.S. Negi, Assoc. Professor (Medicinal and Aromatic Plants)
Dr. (Mrs.) Ratna Rai, Assoc. Professor (Pomology)
Dr. Om Veer Singh, Asstt. Professor (Post Harvest Management)
Department of Natural Resource Management (NRM)
Dr. R.M. Srivastava, Asstt. Professor (Entomology)
Dr. Anil Kumar Dixit, Asstt. Professor (Agril. Economics)
Dr. M.K.Karnwal, Asstt. Professor (Plant Breeding)
Dr. L.B. Yadav, Asstt. Professor (Plant Pathology)
Er. Pankaj Kumar, Asstt. Professor (Agril. Engg.)
Dr. B.N. Shahi, Asstt. Professor (Animal Science)
Dr. S.K. Mishra, JRO/Asstt. Mycologist (Mushroom)
Dr.Jaipal Asst. Professor (Soil Science)
Dr.Ravi Kiran Asst. Professor (Agrometeorology )
Dr.R,P Maurya Asst. Professor (Entomology)
Krishi Vigyan Kendra
Dr. B.M. Pandey Programme co-coordinator SMS/ Asst. Professor , Training Associate (Agronomy)
Dr. Sanjeev Sharma, SMS/Asst.Professor (Plant Pathology)
Mr. Anil Chandra , SMS/Asst.Professor (Horticulture/Vegetable Science)
Dr P. S. Bisht
Veer Chandra Singh Garhwali College of Horticulture
(G. B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar)
Bharsar-246 123, District -Pauri Garhwal
Phone:+91-1348-226070, 226059 (Office)
Fax:+ 91-1348-226058,E-mail: info[dot]vcsgch[at]indiatimes[dot]com