The College of Fisheries established in 1985, at G. B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar, India is one of the premier institution, especially in the Inland Fisheries Sector, catering to professionally trained manpower, development of fish production technologies, transferring the technologies to fish culturists, entrepreneurs and the industry. The College is an ISO 9001:2000 certified institution.
The College has played a great role in the establishment of fish farming in the inland sector of the country. A large number of modern fish farms have been established. Integrated fish farming has also been taken up. A number of the fish seed hatcheries have also been constructed in the private sector. Extensive farm facilities in the College provide a cradle for conducting research work on fish farming and for demonstration of frontline technologies to fish culturists.
The College is now emphasizing on the development and management of the high altitude fisheries in the vast freshwater resource, which exist in the form of rivers, lakes, and reservoirs in the Central Himalayan region. Special emphasis is being put on the development of technology for the culture and hatchery seed production of endangered fish species. Innovative aquaculture techniques have been developed for increasing fish production from the reservoirs.
The College of Fisheries has five departments:
Department of Aquaculture
Department of Fishery Biology
Department of Fishery Hydrography
Department of Fish Processing Technology
Department of Fisheries Extension Education
Courses offered under different Programmes
(as per IV Dean’s committee recommendations of ICAR)
The U.G. and P.G. students are given ample opportunities for practical training on fish culture, fish breeding, fish processing, fishery extension etc. Under fisheries work experience the students get the opportunity for intensive interaction with fish farmers, entrepreneurs and fishery industry, for development of managerial skill. After completing the degree programs the students can independently carry out fish culture, hatchery seed production, management of fish and shell-fish harvest and processing sector.
Hand-on-training pertains to attachment of students to aquafarms or fish processing units for practical training in India and abroad.
Culture of freshwater fish and shell fish.
Breeding and hatchery seed production of carps and catfishes.
Integrated fish-livestock farming
Nutrition of cultivated fishes
Aquatic environment and its management for sustainable fish production.
Management of open water fisheries in lake and reservoirs
Development of post-harvest sector in inland fisheries
The composite culture of carps, 3 species of Indian major carps (Catla, Rohu and Mrigal) and three exotic carps (Silver carp, Grass carp and Common carp) with appropriate stocking, application of cow dung and fertilizers, efficient water quality management and rational supplementary feeding developed and standardized. It gives the production of around 8 ton/ha/yr. Recently a fish production of 10,000 kg/ha/yr has been obtained at stocking density of 15,000 fingerlings/ha, artificial feed with 35% protein feed and aeration under intensive farming system.
Quality fish seed production
The packages of practices of induced breeding of culturable carps by pituitary extract (CPE) and ovaprim were optimized for tarai region. The technique of double breeding of culturable carps in one breeding season has also been developed which has the potential of increasing fish seed production from the same number of fish stock and available resources.
Development of model circulatory hatchery
An economy model of portable circulatory hatchery of 1 m diameter and made up of tin has been developed. It can hold 1 lakh eggs at a time with more than 80% hatching success. This is least cost intensive and requires less space. This can be used at small farmers field for quality seed production.
Nursery management technique
The technology involves pumping of filtered water with plankton population from adjoining stock ponds to nursery ponds. This makes having three to four crops of seed feasible in single breeding season instead of usual two crops by saving the intervening period required for preparation of nursery ponds. It also improves recovery rate upto 60-70%.
Biogas slurry as fish feed and fertilizer
Substitution of 40-50% conventional supplementary feed i.e. oil cake and rice bran by biogas slurry has been found to reduce the cost of fish production considerably. With its better percentage of N, P, K constituents compared to cow dung it also acts as better manure.
Lake and reservoir fisheries
The district of Nainital abounds in lakes in hills and reservoirs in tarai regions. The fisheries of these lakes is, however, in dire state. Fish production from these precious water bodies could be increased upto 70-80 kg per hectare per year by stocking suitable farm-raised fish species. The fish production of Sat tal, a medium altitude lake in Nainital was increased from 2-3 to 80 kg per hectare per year by stocking Indian major carps, under fisheries development in high altitude lakes programmes.
On the basis of detailed studies on energy flow in Nanak Sagar, the management strategies for increasing the fish production have been developed. It has been suggested that stocking of the reservoirs with detritophagus fishes will result in increased fish production.
Biomanipulation of Lakes
The fisheries of lake Nainital has been improved through biomanipulaiton. The unwanted fish fauna has drastically reduced while population of fishes of food value has established.
Protein requirement of Indian and exotic carps
The protein requirements of the fry of Labeo rohita, Catla catla and Cirrhinus mrigala, and young ones of Hypophthalmichthys molitrix has been determined under laboratory as well as field conditions.
Aquaculture Management in Coldwaters
Mahseer, the world-renowned game and food fish of the hills is one of the main native fish in the Himalayan waters. However, the fish has become endangered. Ecodatabase in selected snow-fed and spring fed streams has been prepared. The population of golden mahseer in different streams has been estimated; the breeding grounds of mahseer have been identified and the factors causing the decline of mahseer have been identified.
Restoration programmes including the collection of fry and juveniles of golden mahseer from the natural resource, their rearing upto young stage in pond condition in foot hill regions for further stocking into the potential mahseer streams is carried out. The brood stock development in the ponds from hatchery bred stock as well as that collected from nature is under progress. A hatchery for the breeding of pond raised golden mahseer is established to produce the stocking material of mahseer for stocking in depleted rivers and lakes for their rehabilitation. The rejuvenation of golden mahseer will greatly help in boosting the production of aquatic food and improving the tourism in the hill state.
Two carp fishes of food value in the sub temperate part of the Himalayan region viz., Labeo dyocheilus and Labeo dero have been chosen for the development of farming technology and production of stocking material under hatchery conditions.
Advancement of gonadal development in Magur
Through change of the directions of environmental factors particularly photoperiod and temperature, the gonadal development in Clarias batrachus (Magur) could be initiated as early as January leading to availability of specimens with developed gonads by March/April.
Integrated fish farming technology
The duck-cum-fish culture technology has been developed in which by using Khaki campbell ducks in the system a production of 6000 kg fish/ha/yr and 270 eggs per duck/yr was obtained without any addition of fertilizer in the pond.
Establishment of modern circular hatchery
Although the hatchery fish seed production has increased considerably in last two decades, the availability of quality fish seed is still a bottleneck in achieving high fish production in the farmer's field. As of now none of the State Agriculture University has a large fish seed hatchery for commercial production of fish seed. Taking step in this direction, the University established a large circular hatchery for fish seed production. The seed production unit has a completely indoor hatchery with breeding and hatching facilities for production of about 100 million post larvae of cultivable carps in one breeding season. The seed is being produced from the brood stock developed on different lines to improve the efficiency of the growth of fish seed. The hatchery has a completely modern unit of nursery and rearing ponds sufficient enough to produce about 40 million advanced fry/fingerlings of fishes. The fingerlings are being stocked in the reservoirs located in nearby areas. It is expected that the fish production from reservoirs may be increased from 40 kg/ha/yr to 200 kg/ha/yr by stocking the seed thus produced in the hatchery. The quality fish seed is also being provided to the farmers to increase their production.
The technology for broodstock care, induced breeding and larval rearing of the catfish (Magur) has been developed.
Successful brood stock rearing of Khat (Labeo dyocheilus) and Mohu(Labeo dero), induced breeding in captivity after bringing from rivers of Uttarakhand have been done and fingerlings are released in their natural habitat to augment fish production.
The technology for seed production of L.gonius has been developed under NATP for the stocking of reservoirs in addition to self recruitment for increasing the production potential of reservoirs in Uttarakhand.
· Prawn culture is fast emerging as a major component of fisheries. The study will be made to identify the technical problems encountered in fresh water prawn farming, followed by research and development of appropriate methods to achieve good survival and enhanced production of freshwater prawns through farming in subtropical regions.
· The culture of catfishes such as Clarias spp is a developing sector in fisheries. However, its culture on commercial level has not been attempted so far. The studies will be carried out to develop its culture technology on commercial level.
· Freshwater pearl culture is a new promising line of fisheries production in India. The development of pearl culture technology also constitutes the priority area for research work.
· Package of practices for culture of snakeheads (Channa spp.) are to be developed.
Following training programmes are being conducted in the college:
Fish Seed Hatchery
Indoor Circular Fish Seed Hatchery has one over head tank, one oxygenation tank, one breeding tank and four hatching tanks, 2 spawn collection tanks and six conditioning tanks.
Cat Fish Research Complex has 12 tanks for culture and breeding of catfish.
One Integrated Fish-Livestock Unit is available for farming.
Culture Complex for indigenous sub-temperate fish farming.
Rearing and grow out farm complex for culture of Golden Mahseer (Tor putitora)- the endangered fish species of Central Himalaya
Majority of the Under Graduate and Post Graduate students get jobs in Farm, Hatchery Management, Fish Processing, Feed sectors in India/Abroad. Many students are serving in Krishi Vigyan Kendras, State Fisheries Departments, NGOs and Universities.
Facilities available to corporates visiting Pantnagar
The College of Fisheries has sufficient farm facilities for production as well as research work. It can provide facilities to the corporates for testing of feeds, growth promoters, inducing agents, immune enhancers, aquaculture equipments such as aerators etc. on payment basis. Since the College has a modern circular hatchery, fish culturists, entrepreneurs and fishery co-operatives can also obtain the quality fish seeds produced on a large scale. The College also has infrastructure for launching joint ventures in fish feed production at commercial scale. Since, the post harvest technology in freshwater fishery is non-existent at present there is great scope for the development of post-harvest sector in collaboration with the corporates. Joint venture in ornamental fish breeding can also be successfully run at the College.
The following consultancy is provided to fish culturists, banks, corporations etc
Project preparation and formulation on aquaculture.
Visit to farmers’ fields for on the spot investigation to solve their problems on various
aspects of aquaculture.
Supply of fish seed to the farmers.
Establishment of fish farms and hatcheries in the private and public sectors
Establishment of integrated fishery units in private and public sectors
Development of professionally trained man-power
Restoration of lakes
The College of fisheries has linkages with ICAR institutes/fisheries colleges for collaborative research on different fields and has cooperation between College of Fisheries G.B.Pant University and Lycee Louis Pasteur (LA CANOURGUE FISH FARMING INSTITUTE) for the exchange of students and faculty for a period of one to three month to strengthen the coldwater fisheries and procuring development in Uttarakhand on long term basis.
Dr. I.J. Singh
College of Fisheries,
G.B. Pant University of Agriculture & Technology,
Pantnagar – 263 145
Udham Singh Nagar,
Uttarakhand State, India.
Phone: +91-5944-233377 (Office)